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Contents of this collection consist of correspondence and subject files from throughout Gaines' tenure as president of Wake Forest College (1927-1930).

Biographical and Historical Note

Francis Pendleton Gaines (April 21, 1892 - December 31, 1963) became president of Wake Forest College in 1927. Reputed as a skilled teacher and orator, although he had not seen the campus or was familiar with the faculty, the Wake Forest board of trustees elected him as president by unanimous vote. In his inaugural address, Gaines addressed three goals he held in regard to Wake Forest College: "1. Wake Forest must be a small college; 2. It must be a cultural college; 3. It must be a Christian college." Gaines' insistence of restricting the college's attendance was a major point of contention between himself and other Wake Forest officials, and even though the Wake Forest officials rejected his plan to adopt "a definite policy of limitation and selection of students," his administration saw a decline in both freshman enrollment and overall attendance. In spite of this, Gaines maintained a positive and respectable relationship with the Wake Forest community and others, using his oratory experience to speak on different subjects and, by the 1940s, was making over forty addresses a year in over twenty different states. He resigned from his position as Wake Forest president in 1930 on amicable terms to accept a position as president of Washington and Lee University. He remained there until his retirement in 1959.

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Collection Overview

Correspondence and Subject Files concerning Francis Pendleton Gaines throughout his presidency at Wake Forest College from 1927 to 1930.

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Collection Inventory

  • Correspondence and Subject Files, May-December 1927 (May-December 1927)
    • A / Box 1 Folder 1
    • B / Box 1 Folder 2
    • C / Box 1 Folder 3
    • D / Box 1 Folder 4
    • E / Box 1 Folder 5
    • F / Box 1 Folder 6
    • G / Box 1 Folder 7
    • H / Box 1 Folder 8
    • I-J / Box 1 Folder 9
    • K / Box 1 Folder 10
    • L / Box 1 Folder 11
    • M / Box 1 Folder 12
    • N / Box 1 Folder 13
    • O / Box 1 Folder 14
    • P-Q / Box 1 Folder 15
    • R / Box 1 Folder 16
    • S / Box 1 Folder 17
    • T / Box 1 Folder 18
    • U-V / Box 1 Folder 19
    • W / Box 1 Folder 20
    • X-Y-Z / Box 1 Folder 21
  • Correspondence and Subject Files, 1928 (1928)
    • A / Box 1 Folder 22
    • Alumni Campaign/Centennial Fund / Box 1 Folder 23
    • B / Box 1 Folder 24
    • C / Box 1 Folder 25
    • D / Box 1 Folder 26
    • E / Box 1 Folder 27
    • F / Box 1 Folder 28
    • G / Box 1 Folder 29
    • H / Box 1 Folder 30
    • I / Box 1 Folder 31
    • J / Box 1 Folder 32
    • K / Box 1 Folder 33
    • L / Box 1 Folder 34
    • M / Box 1 Folder 35
    • N-O / Box 1 Folder 36
    • P-Q / Box 1 Folder 37
    • Pulpit Committee [Wake Forest Baptist Church] / Box 1 Folder 38
    • R / Box 1 Folder 39
    • S / Box 1 Folder 40
    • Al Smith Club - Newspaper Clippings / Box 1 Folder 41
    • Al Smith Club - Support for Gaines / Box 1 Folder 42
    • Al Smith Club - Criticism (Against) / Box 1 Folder 43
    • T / Box 1 Folder 44
    • U-V / Box 1 Folder 45
    • W / Box 1 Folder 46
    • X-Y-Z / Box 1 Folder 47
  • Correspondence and Subject Files, 1929 (1929)
    • A / Box 2 Folder 48
    • B / Box 2 Folder 49
    • C / Box 2 Folder 50
    • D / Box 2 Folder 51
    • E / Box 2 Folder 52
    • F / Box 2 Folder 53
    • G / Box 2 Folder 54
    • H / Box 2 Folder 55
    • I-J / Box 2 Folder 56
    • K / Box 2 Folder 57
    • L / Box 2 Folder 58
    • M / Box 2 Folder 59
    • N-O / Box 2 Folder 60
    • P-Q / Box 2 Folder 61
    • R / Box 2 Folder 62
    • S / Box 2 Folder 63
    • T / Box 2 Folder 64
    • U-V / Box 2 Folder 65
    • W / Box 2 Folder 66
    • X-Y-Z / Box 2 Folder 67
  • Correspondence and Subject Files, 1930 (1930)
    • A / Box 2 Folder 68
    • Advisory Board / Box 2 Folder 69
    • B / Box 2 Folder 70
    • C / Box 2 Folder 71
    • D / Box 2 Folder 72
    • E / Box 2 Folder 73
    • F / Box 2 Folder 74
    • G / Box 2 Folder 75
    • H / Box 2 Folder 76
    • I-J / Box 2 Folder 77
    • K / Box 2 Folder 78
    • L / Box 2 Folder 79
    • M / Box 2 Folder 80
    • N-O / Box 2 Folder 81
    • P-Q / Box 2 Folder 82
    • R / Box 2 Folder 83
    • S / Box 2 Folder 84
    • T / Box 2 Folder 85
    • U-V / Box 2 Folder 86
    • W / Box 2 Folder 87
    • Wake Forest Students and professors / Box 2 Folder 88
    • X-Y-Z / Box 2 Folder 89

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Summary Information

Repository
Z. Smith Reynolds Library Special Collections and Archives
Title
President's Office, Francis Pendleton Gaines
ID
RG1.8
Date [inclusive]
1927-1930
Extent
3.0 linear feet 2 records center cartons

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Administrative Information

Publication Information
Z. Smith Reynolds Library Special Collections and Archives
Access
This collection is open to research. 
Preferred Citation
President's Office, Francis Pendleton Gaines, RG 1.8, Z. Smith Reynolds Library Special Collections and Archives, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC, USA. 

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