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Diet Quality in Overweight and Obese, Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis

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Diet Quality in Overweight and Obese, Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis
Austin, Gretchen Elizabeth
The concept of diet quality reflects the dietary guidance principles of macronutrient distribution, moderation, variety, and proportionality. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effect of the exercise and dietary weight-loss interventions employed in ADAPT on diet quality. The Arthritis, Diet, and Activity Promotion Trial (ADAPT) was a single-blinded, 18-month randomized controlled trial with a primary aim to determine the relative efficacy of weight loss, exercise, and their combination in reducing disability and pain in older, obese, sedentary adults with knee osteoarthritis. There were four arms to the study: Healthy Lifestyle Controls (HL), Dietary Weight Loss (Diet), Exercise (Exercise), or combined Exercise and Dietary Weight Loss (Exercise-Diet). Only one-third of the eligible participants were randomized and scheduled to have dietary assessment performed. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, and an ANCOVA were used to determine characteristics of the population and any changes in diet quality at the end of the intervention. At 18 months, the mean diet quality score of all participants was 65.77. There was no effect of the interventions on the diet quality index. In addition, there was no interactive effect of the interventions. Although there were no differences in diet and exercise effects in body weight at eighteen months, there was a difference in percent weight loss. As expected, a greater loss was observed for groups receiving the dietary treatment.
diet quality
older adults
gretchenaustin@hotmail.com (authorEmail)
Mara Vitolins, DPH (committee member)
Stephen P. Messier (committee member)
Gary D. Miller, PhD, RD (committee member)
Austin, Gretchen Elizabeth
2008-09-28T10:49:49Z (accessioned)
2010-06-18T18:59:51Z (accessioned)
2003-06-05 (available)
2008-09-28T10:49:49Z (available)
2010-06-18T18:59:51Z (available)
2002-05-02 (issued)
null (defenseDate)
Health & Exercise Science (discipline)
Wake Forest University (grantor)
MS (level)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/14898 (uri)
etd-05132002-130405 (oldETDId)
Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide. (accessRights)
I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Wake Forest University or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report. (license)

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