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Development and Validation of a Video-Animated Tool for Assessing Mobility

Rejeski, W. Jack

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abstract
Background. Existing self-report measures of mobility ignore important contextual features of movement and require respondents to make complex judgments about specific tasks. Thus, we describe the development and validation of a short form (sf) video-animated tool for assessing mobility, the Mobility Assessment Tool—MAT-sf. Methods. This study involves cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses examining the measurement properties of the MAT-sf. The MAT-sf consists of 10 animated video clips that assess respondents’ level of proficiency in performing each task. The main outcome measures used for validation included the Pepper Assessment Tool for Disability (PAT-D), the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and 400-m walk test. Results. Participants (n = 234), 166 women and 68 men, had an average age of 81.9 years and a variety of comorbidities with 65.4% having high blood pressure. An average SPPB score of 8.6 (range 2–12) suggests that the study sample had evidence of compromised physical function but was quite heterogeneous. The MAT-sf had good content validity, excellent test–retest reliability (r = .93), and criterion-related validity with the PAT-D. Moreover, the MAT-sf added considerable variance to the prediction of both SPPB scores and 400-m gait speed over and above the PAT-D mobility subscale. The MAT-sf also discriminated between older adults who completed or failed the 400-m walk test. Conclusion. The MAT-sf is an innovative psychometrically sound measure of mobility. It has utility in epidemiological studies, translational science, and clinical practice.
citation
65A (issue)
6 (volume)
contributor
Rejeski, W. Jack (author)
Ip, Edward H. (author)
Marsh, Anthony P. (author)
Barnard, Ryan T. (author)
date
2010-11-30T21:15:09Z (accessioned)
2010-11-30T21:15:09Z (available)
2010 (issued)
identifier
Rejeski, W. Jack, Ip, Edward H., Marsh, Anthony P., & Barnard, Ryan T. (2010). Development and Validation of a Video-Animated Tool for Assessing Mobility. Journal of Gerontology: Series A, 65A(6):664-671. (citation)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/30047 (uri)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glq055 (uri)
publisher
Oxford Journals
rights
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ (uri)
source
Journal of Gerontology: Series A
title
Development and Validation of a Video-Animated Tool for Assessing Mobility
type
Article

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