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NEW METHODS FOR DETECTING BIOMARKERS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS AND REDOX SIGNALING ON PROTEIN CYSTEINE RESIDUES

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abstract
Both nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide, as well as their respective metabolites (reactive nitrogen or oxygen species), participate in a variety of cellular redox processes and have become well recognized as messengers in cellular signal transduction. One important mechanism by which cellular redox-based signaling occurs is reversible oxidation of cysteine residues in the presence of low concentrations of these oxidants. S-Nitrosothiols (RSNO) and sulfenic acids (RSOH) are thought to be two of the most common cysteine modifications, and formation of these species reversibly alters protein function. Protein oxidation is studied to a lesser extent than lipid and DNA oxidation in part because of a lack of sensitive, stable, readily detectable markers for tracking these unstable intermediates.
subject
protein labeling
redox signaling
S-nitrosation
sulfenic acid
contributor
Bechtold, Erika (author)
King, S. Bruce (committee chair)
Kim-Shapiro, Daniel (committee member)
Alexander, Rebecca W. (committee member)
Colyer, Christa L. (committee member)
Jones, Paul B. (committee member)
date
2011-02-16T21:42:26Z (accessioned)
2012-12-09T09:30:07Z (available)
2010 (issued)
degree
Chemistry (discipline)
embargo
2012-12-09 (terms)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/30411 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
NEW METHODS FOR DETECTING BIOMARKERS OF OXIDATIVE STRESS AND REDOX SIGNALING ON PROTEIN CYSTEINE RESIDUES
type
Dissertation

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