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Neotropical and North American Vaccinioideae (Ericaceae) share their mycorrhizal Sebacinales – an indication for concerted migration?

Kron, Kathy

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abstract
Neotropical Vaccinioideae (Ericaceae) are evolutionarily rather young and presumably of Northern Hemisphere origin. Vaccinioideae are highly dependent on their mycorrhizal symbionts and Sebacinales (basidiomycetes) were previously found to be the dominant mycobionts of Andean Clade Vaccinioideae (Neotropical Vaccinieae). We were interested to see whether the North American Vaccinioideae reached the Neotropics with their mycobionts or whether they acquired new, local Sebacinales. We investigated Sebacinales of 58 individuals of Vaccinioideae from Ecuador, Panama and North America to examine whether mycobionts of each region are distantly or closely related. We isolated the ITS of the ribosomal nuclear DNA in order to infer a molecular phylogeny of Sebacinales and to determine Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units (MOTUs). MOTU delimitation was based on a 3% threshold of ITS variability and conducted with complete linkage clustering. The analyses revealed that most Sebacinales from Ecuador, Panama and North America are closely related and that two MOTUs out of 33 have a distribution ranging from the Neotropics to the Pacific Northwest of North America. The data suggest that Neotropical and temperate Vaccinioideae of North America share their Sebacinales communities and that plants and fungi migrated together.
contributor
Setaro, Sabrina D. (author)
Kron, Kathy (author)
date
2012-08-07T20:43:05Z (accessioned)
2012-08-07T20:43:05Z (available)
2011-07 (issued)
identifier
Setaro SD, Kron K. Neotropical and North American Vaccinioideae (Ericaceae) share their mycorrhizal Sebacinales – an indication for concerted migration?. PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 2011 Jul 18 [last modified: 2012 Apr 4] doi: 10.1371/currents.RRN1227. (citation)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/37406 (uri)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/currents.RRN1227 (uri)
publisher
PLoS: Public Library of Science
source
PLoS Currents Tree of Life
title
Neotropical and North American Vaccinioideae (Ericaceae) share their mycorrhizal Sebacinales – an indication for concerted migration?
type
Article

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