Home WakeSpace Scholarship › Fetrow, Jacquelyn S.

Disease Progression and Phasic Changes in Gene Expression in a Mouse Model of Osteoarthritis

Fetrow, Jacquelyn S.

Item Files

Item Details

abstract
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and has multiple risk factors including joint injury. The purpose of this study was to characterize the histologic development of OA in a mouse model where OA is induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM model) and to identify genes regulated during different stages of the disease, using RNA isolated from the joint “organ” and analyzed using microarrays. Histologic changes seen in OA, including articular cartilage lesions and osteophytes, were present in the medial tibial plateaus of the DMM knees beginning at the earliest (2 week) time point and became progressively more severe by 16 weeks. 427 probe sets (371 genes) from the microarrays passed consistency and significance filters. There was an initial up-regulation at 2 and 4 weeks of genes involved in morphogenesis, differentiation, and development, including growth factor and matrix genes, as well as transcription factors including Atf2, Creb3l1, and Erg. Most genes were off or down-regulated at 8 weeks with the most highly down-regulated genes involved in cell division and the cytoskeleton. Gene expression increased at 16 weeks, in particular extracellular matrix genes including Prelp, Col3a1 and fibromodulin. Immunostaining revealed the presence of these three proteins in cartilage and soft tissues including ligaments as well as in the fibrocartilage covering osteophytes. The results support a phasic development of OA with early matrix remodeling and transcriptional activity followed by a more quiescent period that is not maintained. This implies that the response to an OA intervention will depend on the timing of the intervention. The quiescent period at 8 weeks may be due to the maturation of the osteophytes which are thought to temporarily stabilize the joint.
subject
Articular cartilage
bone and join mechanics
cartilage
collagens
gene expression
gene regulation
histology
surgical and invasive medical procedures
citation
1 (issue)
8 (volume)
contributor
Loeser, Richard F. (author)
Olex, Amy L. (author)
McNulty, Margaret A. (author)
Carlson, Cathy S. (author)
Callahan, Michael (author)
Ferguson, Cristin (author)
Fetrow, Jacquelyn S. (author)
date
2014-01-10T20:52:23Z (accessioned)
2014-01-10T20:52:23Z (available)
2013 (issued)
identifier
Loeser, R.F.; Olex, A.L.; McNulty, M.A.; Carlson, C.S.; Callahan, M.; Ferguson, C.; Fetrow, J.S. (2013). "Disease Progression and Phasic Changes in Gene Expression in a Mouse Model of Osteoarthritis." PLoS ONE, 8(1):e54633. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054633. (citation)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/39104 (uri)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054633 (uri)
publisher
PLoS: Public Library of Science
source
PLoS ONE
title
Disease Progression and Phasic Changes in Gene Expression in a Mouse Model of Osteoarthritis
type
Article

Usage Statistics