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Toward a User's Toolkit for Modeling Scintillator Nonproportionality and Light Yield

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abstract
Intrinsic nonproportionality is a material-dependent phenomenon that sets an ultimate limit on energy resolution of radiation detectors. In general, anything that causes light yield to change along the particle track (e.g., the primary electron track in γ-ray detectors) contributes to nonproportionality. Most of the physics of nonproportionality lies in the host-transport and transfer-to-activator term. The main physical phenomena involved are carrier diffusion, trapping, drift in internal electric fields, and nonlinear rates of radiative and nonradiative recombination. Some complexity is added by the now well-established fact that the electron temperature is changing during important parts of the physical processes listed above. It has consequences, but is tractable by application of electron-phonon interaction theory and first-principles calculation of trap structures checked by experiment. Determination of coefficients and rate "constants" as functions of electron temperature Te for diffusion, D(Te(t)); capture on multiple (i) radiative and nonradiative centers, A1i(Te(t)); bimolecular exciton formation, B2(Te(t)); and nonlinear quenching, K2(Te(t)), K3(Te(t)) in specific scintillator materials will enable computational prediction of energy-dependent response from standard rate equations solved in the electron track for initial excitation distributions calculated by standard methods such as Geant4. Te(t) itself is a function of time. Determination of these parameters can be combined with models describing carrier transport in scintillators, which is able to build a user's toolkit for analyzing any existing and potential scintillators. In the dissertation, progress in calculating electronic structure of traps and activators, diffusion coefficients and rate functions, and testing the model will be described.
subject
condensed matter physics
finite element method
first principles calculation
radiation detector
scintillator
contributor
Li, Qi (author)
Williams, Richard T. (committee chair)
Moore, William F. (committee member)
Ucer, Kalim B. (committee member)
Thonhauser, Timo (committee member)
Holzwarth, Natalie A. W. (committee member)
date
2014-07-10T08:35:39Z (accessioned)
2014-07-10T08:35:39Z (available)
2014 (issued)
degree
Physics (discipline)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/39308 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
Toward a User's Toolkit for Modeling Scintillator Nonproportionality and Light Yield
type
Dissertation

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