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ROLE OF SPARC IN DORMANCY OF PROSTATE CANCER IN THE BONE

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abstract
Prostate cancer is known to frequently recur in the bone; however, how dormant cells switch its phenotype leading to recurrent tumor remains poorly understood. We have isolated two syngeneic cell lines (Indolent and Aggressive) through in vivo selection by implanting PC3mm stem-like cells into the tibial bones. We found that Indolent cells retained dormant phenotype whereas Aggressive cells grew rapidly in the bone in vivo, while the growth rates of both cells in culture were similar, suggesting the role of tumor microenvironment in regulation of dormancy and recurrence. Indolent cell was found to secrete a high level of SPARC which significantly stimulated the expression of BMP7 in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC). The secreted BMP7 then kept cancer cells in a dormant state by inducing senescence, reducing stemness and activating dormancy-associated p38 MAPK signaling and p21 expression in cancer cells. Importantly, we found that SPARC was epigenetically silenced in Aggressive cells by promoter methylation, but the 5-Azacytidine treatment reactivated the expression. Furthermore, high SPARC promoter methylation negatively correlated with disease-free survival of prostate cancer patients. We also found that the COX2 inhibitor, NS398, downregulated DNMTs and increased the expression of SPARC leading to tumor growth suppression in the bone in vivo. These findings suggest that SPARC plays a key role in maintaining dormancy of prostate cancer cells in the bone microenvironment.
subject
BMP7
Bone metastasis
Dormancy
Prostate cancer
Recurrence
SPARC
contributor
Sharma, Sambad (author)
Watabe, Kounosuke (committee chair)
Dubey, Purnima (committee member)
Kridel, Steven J. (committee member)
Vidi, Pierre-Alexandre (committee member)
Kucera, Gregory L. (committee member)
date
2017-01-14T09:35:22Z (accessioned)
2019-01-13T09:30:09Z (available)
2016 (issued)
degree
Cancer Biology (discipline)
embargo
2019-01-13 (terms)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/64182 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
ROLE OF SPARC IN DORMANCY OF PROSTATE CANCER IN THE BONE
type
Dissertation

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