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The Influence of Stride Length, Knee Stiffness, and Leg Strength on the Associations Between Bone Mineral Density, Lean and Fat Mass, and Knee Joint Compressive Forces Among Older Adults With Knee Osteoarthritis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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title
The Influence of Stride Length, Knee Stiffness, and Leg Strength on the Associations Between Bone Mineral Density, Lean and Fat Mass, and Knee Joint Compressive Forces Among Older Adults With Knee Osteoarthritis
author
Hunzinger, Katherine Joyce
abstract
Introduction: It is theorized that those with knee osteoarthritis (OA) exhibit a specific phenotype of high fat mass and bone mineral density (BMD) that is associated with increased knee forces and disease progression. Whether this relationship is mediated by biomechanical factors has not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between leg BMD, fat mass, and lean mass on knee joint compressive forces in older adults with knee OA, and to determine whether these relationships are mediated by stride length, leg strength, and/or knee stiffness.
subject
compressive
forces
gait
knee
older
osteoarthritis
contributor
Messier, Stephen P (committee chair)
Beavers, Kristen M (committee member)
Beavers, Daniel P (committee member)
DeVita, Paul (committee member)
date
2017-06-15T08:35:33Z (accessioned)
2018-06-14T08:30:10Z (available)
2017 (issued)
degree
Health and Exercise Science (discipline)
embargo
2018-06-14 (terms)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/82170 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
type
Thesis

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