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Outcomes in COPD Patients Completing Both an Endurance Training Program and a Strength Training Program

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abstract
Endurance and strength training may both lead to improvements in physical function and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The few studies that have compared endurance training (ET) to strength training (ST) have produced conflicting results. PURPOSE: To compare changes in physical function, HRQL, and lean mass in COPD patients completing both an ET and ST program. METHODS: Eleven mildly diseased patients completed an ET program, and subsequently, a ST program. RESULTS: Pulmonary function remained stable over the five year period. ET and ST increased six-minute walk distance. ET, but not ST, increased self-reported physical function, chair rise time, SF-36 physical component score, and Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire (CRDQ) fatigue score. ST, but not ET, increased stair climb time. ET and ST failed to change SF-36 mental component score; CRDQ dyspnea, emotion, or mastery scores; and arm or leg lean mass. CONCLUSION: Both training methods will improve objective measures of physical function. However, an ET program results in significant improvements in self-reported physical function and HRQL, whereas ST does not.
subject
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
endurance training
health-related quality of life
lean mass
physical function
strength training
contributor
Shields, Katherine Lori (author)
Berry, Michael J (committee chair)
Brubaker, Peter H (committee member)
Mihalko, Shannon L (committee member)
date
2017-06-15T08:36:01Z (accessioned)
2017 (issued)
degree
Health and Exercise Science (discipline)
2022-06-01 (liftdate)
embargo
2022-06-01 (terms)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/82209 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
Outcomes in COPD Patients Completing Both an Endurance Training Program and a Strength Training Program
type
Thesis

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