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A PROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF THE RECIPROCAL EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY AND STRESS

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abstract
How does personality develop and influence one’s experiences across adulthood? Stressful life events offer an interesting opportunity to study transactions between personality traits and the environment. Understanding these transactions is important for managing life outcomes, improving clinical prevention / intervention, and informing personality development theory and future works. Unfortunately, stress-personality transactions remain unclear due to methodological and conceptual shortcomings in the extant literature (e.g., reliance on cross-sectional designs, not accounting for individual differences, confounds in measurement of stress, issues in sampling). The current study aimed to address these limitations using data from a prospective study sampled from a population highly likely to experience stress and using a large battery of stressors examined in a way that is sensitive to the differential impact of events, with focus on a range of moderators. Results indicated that (a) some personality traits can trigger or elicit some types of stress; (b) stress does not appear to cause consistent personality change (at least within the 3-year timeframe of the study); and (c) moderators used did not appear to intuitively nor consistently influence stress-personality associations. Implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.
subject
life events
personality development
stress
contributor
Rakhshani, Andrew (author)
Furr, R. Michael (committee chair)
Jayawickreme, Eranda (committee member)
Greene, Heath (committee member)
Spain, Jana (committee member)
date
2019-09-05T08:35:23Z (accessioned)
2019 (issued)
degree
Psychology (discipline)
2024-09-01 (liftdate)
embargo
2024-09-01 (terms)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/94314 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
A PROSPECTIVE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF THE RECIPROCAL EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY AND STRESS
type
Thesis

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