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Extreme Duty Cycles in the Acoustic Signals of Tiger Moths: Sexual and Natural Selection Operating in Parallel

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abstract
Sound production in tiger moths (Erebidae: Arctiinae) plays a role in natural selection. Some species use tymbal sounds as jamming signals avoiding bat predation. High duty cycle signals have the greatest efficacy in this regard. Tiger moth sounds can also be used for intraspecific communication. Little is known about the role of sound in the mating behavior of jamming species or the signal preferences underlying mate choice. We recorded sound production during the courtship of two high duty cycle arctiines, Bertholdia trigona and Carales arizonensis. We characterized variation in their acoustic signals, measured female preference for male signals that vary in duty cycle, and performed female choice experiments to determine the effect of male duty cycle on the acceptance of male mates. Although both species produced sound during courtship, the role of acoustic communication appears different between the species. Bertholdia trigona was acoustically active in all intraspecific interactions. Females preferred and ultimately mated with males that produced higher duty cycles. Muted males were never chosen. In C. arizonensis however, sound emissions were limited during courtship and in some successful matings no sound was detected. Muted and clicking males were equally successful in female mate-choice experiments, indicating that acoustic communication is not essential for mating in C. arizonensis. Our results suggest that in B. trigona natural and sexual selection may work in parallel, to favor higher duty cycle clicking.
subject
tiger moths
Bertholdia trigona
Carales arizonensi
citation
2 (issue)
1 (volume)
contributor
Conner, W. (author)
Fernández, Y. (author)
Dowdy, N. (author)
date
2021-03-22T12:05:28Z (accessioned)
2021-03-22T12:05:28Z (available)
2021-01-05 (issued)
identifier
Fernández, Y., Dowdy, N. J., & Conner, W. E. (2020). Extreme duty cycles in the acoustic signals of tiger moths: Sexual and natural selection operating in parallel. Integrative Organismal Biology, 2(1), obaa046. (citation)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/98580 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Oxford
source
Integrative Organismal Biology
title
Extreme Duty Cycles in the Acoustic Signals of Tiger Moths: Sexual and Natural Selection Operating in Parallel
type
Article

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