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Pan Africanism and Realism in Zimbabwe Foreign Policy (1980-1994)

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Pan Africanism and Realism in Zimbabwe Foreign Policy (1980-1994)
Mashanda, Tatenda
My thesis critiques Zimbabwe's foreign policy rhetoric from 1980 to 1994. I engage the interaction between the discourses of Pan Africanism and Realism in the country’s engagements with South Africa. A rhetorical analysis of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy is key in understanding how the country navigated tensions and contradictions between two different foreign policy theories (or at least how they are expressed rhetorically). Central to my analysis are the following questions: what was the rhetorical character of Zimbabwe’s foreign policy? What does the foreign policy rhetoric regarding the relationship with South Africa before 1994 suggest about the ideology driving these decisions? How does Zimbabwe's foreign policy rhetoric navigate the ideological commitments of the anti-colonialism of Pan Africanism and Realism pressures of the economic dependence on an apartheid regime? After establishing the character of the foreign policy rhetoric, I investigate how the country's foreign policy establishes a narrative that reconciles Pan Africanism with Realism. I argue that Zimbabwe’s campaign against the apartheid system had two important outcomes, the campaign put pressure on the illegal government in Pretoria and elevated Zimbabwe’s international status. Zimbabwe’s approach to the relationship with apartheid South Africa was indicative of how the country was able to navigate and balance the commitment to ideology and pragmatism. In ideology, the emphasis is on ideas and principles which the administration identifies with and is committed to advancing those ideas. In pragmatism, the government goes beyond idealism and focuses on the practicality of politics and advance national interests. Considerations for discursive elements help to further understand foreign policy formulation and can also work as a complementary foreign policy analysis method. Discourse produces meaning and becomes a source that shapes and reflects policy. I conclude that Pan Africanism and Realism were not incommensurable paradigms in Zimbabwe's foreign policy. Despite arguments that they are, looking at the rhetoric suggests otherwise; that they can be blended to advance both a nation's political and moral interests
Foreign Policy Analysis
Pan Africanism
Zimbabwe Foreign Policy
Von Burg, Ron (committee chair)
Louden, Allan (committee member)
Atchison, Jarrod R (committee member)
2021-06-03T08:36:21Z (accessioned)
2021-06-03T08:36:21Z (available)
2021 (issued)
Communication (discipline)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/98845 (uri)
en (iso)
Wake Forest University

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