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Coping with COVID-19: The benefits of anticipating future positive events and maintaining optimism

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title
Coping with COVID-19: The benefits of anticipating future positive events and maintaining optimism
author
Leslie-Miller, C.
author
Waugh, C.
author
Cole, V.
abstract
In early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic forced a large portion of the world into quarantine, leading to an extensive period of stress making it necessary to explore regulatory techniques that are effective at stimulating long-lasting positive emotion. Previous research has demonstrated that anticipating positive events produces increases in positive emotion during discrete stressors. We hypothesized that state and trait positive anticipation during the COVID-19 pandemic would be associated with increased positive emotions. We assessed how often participants thought about a future positive/negative/neutral event, activity, or goal through a daily reconstruction method that represented a “day in the life” of people in the United States during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of multi-level modeling and mediational analyses demonstrated that higher optimism, one form of trait positive anticipation, was related to higher state positive anticipation, which was in turn related to higher positive emotions during the current episode, which persisted to the next episode. In addition, both optimism and state positive anticipation were related to adaptive responses to the pandemic. These findings suggest that anticipation of future emotional experiences and hopefulness for the future can be a powerful predictor of positive emotions during global pandemics and perhaps other similar chronic stressors.
subject
pyschology
coping
stress
COVID-19
date
2021-08-23T15:47:48Z (accessioned)
2021-08-23T15:47:48Z (available)
2021-04-09 (issued)
identifier
Leslie-Miller, C. J., Waugh, C. E., & Cole, V. T. (2021). Coping with COVID-19: The benefits of anticipating future positive events and maintaining optimism. Frontiers in Psychology, 12. (citation)
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/98980 (uri)
identifier
https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.646047 (doi)
language
en_US (iso)
publisher
Frontiers
source
Frontiers in Psychology
type
Article

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