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ACADEMIC CULTURAL MISMATCH AND THE ADAPTATION OF CHINESE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES

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abstract
Though numerous studies have investigated the adaptation of Chinese international students in the U.S., few studies have talked about the influence of their experiencing a new academic culture. Following the Confucian tradition, Chinese academic culture canonizes education as the only approach to being a better person, and it can be achieved purely by an individual’s effort. Together with the moral indication of performance and the highly competitive educational system, Chinese students become obligated to achieve academic success, sensitive to negative evaluation, and habituated to a unique learning culture that is characterized by silence. Their unique academic culture that is distinct from the Western educational tradition may contribute to many mismatch problems. Here we focused on learning culture mismatch and language mismatch. From two studies using archival data and self-collected data, we found that: a) Chinese international students have larger learning culture mismatch and language mismatch than Western International students and American students; b) They also have lower psychological wellbeing than students from Western origins; c) Learning culture mismatch and language mismatch make direct contributions to the lower psychological wellbeing of Chinese international students and learning culture mismatch is also associated with lower academic performance; and d) social self-efficacy partly mediated the effect of learning culture mismatch and language mismatch, indicating the interactive nature of cross-cultural adaptation. We proposed that social-oriented academic motivation may be a possible source of academic culture mismatch and possible interventions to alleviate the mismatch problems were suggested.
subject
Academic culture
Adaptation
Chinese international students
Cultural mismatch
contributor
Xie, Fei (author)
Best, Deborah (committee chair)
Kiang, Lisa (committee member)
Brady, Shannon (committee member)
Simon, Robin (committee member)
date
2021-09-01T08:35:25Z (accessioned)
2021-09-01T08:35:25Z (available)
2021 (issued)
degree
Psychology (discipline)
identifier
http://hdl.handle.net/10339/99059 (uri)
language
en (iso)
publisher
Wake Forest University
title
ACADEMIC CULTURAL MISMATCH AND THE ADAPTATION OF CHINESE INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES
type
Thesis

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